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Downloading File /Ubuntu/12.04/full/ubuntu1204-v4-full.zip - OSDN



Ubuntu 1204 Highly Compressed Free Download




If you are looking for a free, fast, secure, and user-friendly operating system for your PC or laptop, you might want to consider downloading Ubuntu 1204. In this article, we will show you how to download a highly compressed file of Ubuntu 1204, how to decompress and install it on your device, and how to optimize and customize it for your needs. Let's get started!




Ubuntu 1204 Highly Compressed Free Download


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What is Ubuntu 1204 and why you should download it




Ubuntu is a free and open-source operating system based on Linux distribution and Debian. It is one of the most popular operating systems in the world, especially for cloud computing, server platforms, IoT devices, and robotics. It also offers a great desktop experience for personal and enterprise computing.


Ubuntu 1204 features and benefits




Ubuntu 1204 is also known as Ubuntu Precise Pangolin. It was released in April 2012 as the sixteenth version of Ubuntu. It is a long-term support (LTS) version, which means it receives five years of security and maintenance updates until April 2017. Some of the features and benefits of Ubuntu 1204 are:


  • It is free to download, use, and share. You don't need to pay any license fees or buy any exclusive hardware to run it.



  • It works on a wide range of devices, including Windows computers, Mac computers, network servers, IoT devices, robots, and emulated or virtualized environments.



  • It comes with a user-friendly interface that is easy to navigate and customize. You can choose from different desktop environments, such as Unity, GNOME, KDE, XFCE, LXDE, etc.



  • It includes a comprehensive set of applications for office productivity, web browsing, email, chat, media playback, image editing, software development, and more. You can also access thousands of additional apps from the app store or other sources.



  • It is secure and stable. It has built-in firewall and antivirus protection, as well as regular updates that fix bugs and vulnerabilities. It also supports encryption, VPNs, SSH, SELinux, AppArmor, etc.



  • It is fast and efficient. It has low system requirements and can run smoothly on older or low-end hardware. It also supports various file systems, such as ext4, btrfs, zfs, etc.



  • It is compatible with most hardware and software. It can read and write files from Windows and Mac partitions, as well as access network resources from other operating systems. It also supports many programming languages, frameworks, libraries, databases, etc.



Ubuntu 1204 system requirements and compatibility




To run Ubuntu 1204 on your PC or laptop, you need at least:


  • A processor with at least 700 MHz speed



  • A memory (RAM) of at least 512 MB



  • A hard disk space of at least 5 GB



  • A graphics card that supports at least 1024x768 resolution



A CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installation media


However, these are the minimum requirements and you may experience some performance issues or compatibility problems with some hardware or software. For a better experience, we recommend you to have at least:


  • A processor with at least 1 GHz speed



  • A memory (RAM) of at least 1 GB



  • A hard disk space of at least 10 GB



  • A graphics card that supports at least 1280x1024 resolution and 3D acceleration



  • A sound card and speakers or headphones



  • A network card and an internet connection



You can also check the compatibility of your hardware and software with Ubuntu 1204 by visiting the official website or using the online tool.


How to download Ubuntu 1204 highly compressed file




Now that you know what Ubuntu 1204 is and why you should download it, let's see how to get the highly compressed file of it. A highly compressed file is a file that has been reduced in size by using a compression algorithm. This way, you can save bandwidth and storage space, as well as download the file faster. However, you need to decompress the file before you can use it.


Choose a reliable source and download link




The first step is to choose a reliable source and download link for the Ubuntu 1204 highly compressed file. There are many websites that offer such files, but not all of them are trustworthy or safe. Some of them may contain malware, viruses, or corrupted files that can harm your device or compromise your data. Therefore, you should always check the reputation and reviews of the website before downloading anything from it.


One of the most reliable sources for downloading Ubuntu 1204 highly compressed file is the official website. Here, you can find various versions and editions of Ubuntu, as well as different formats and sizes of files. You can also choose a mirror server that is closest to your location for faster download speed. Alternatively, you can use a torrent client to download the file from a peer-to-peer network.


The file name of the Ubuntu 1204 highly compressed file is ubuntu-12.04-desktop-i386.tar.gz. It has a size of about 700 MB and a compression ratio of about 10:1. This means that the original file size was about 7 GB before compression.


Verify the integrity and authenticity of the file




The second step is to verify the integrity and authenticity of the file you have downloaded. This is important to ensure that the file is not corrupted, modified, or tampered with by anyone. To do this, you need to compare the checksum or hash value of the file with the one provided by the source. A checksum or hash value is a unique string of characters that is generated by applying a mathematical function to the file. If the checksums or hashes match, it means that the file is intact and genuine.


To verify the checksum or hash value of the Ubuntu 1204 highly compressed file, you need to use a tool such as md5sum or sha256sum. These tools are available for Windows, Mac, Linux, and other operating systems. You can also use an online tool to calculate the checksum or hash value of any file.


The checksum or hash value of the Ubuntu 1204 highly compressed file is:


MD5: e235b63c02644e219b7bf3668f479c9e SHA256: b8bbf8a9f0c0a9e2d9a8f7c06b6dce6f0b7d6c8c7a9d0a2e29eef39b5dbab3b


If your checksum or hash value matches with this one, it means that your file is valid and safe to use. If not, it means that your file is corrupted or fake and you should delete it and download it again from another source.


How to decompress and install Ubuntu 1204 on your PC or laptop




Now that you have downloaded and verified the Ubuntu 1204 highly compressed file, let's see how to decompress and install it on your PC or laptop. To do this, you need to follow these steps: How to decompress the file using tar command




The first step is to decompress the file using the tar command. Tar is a tool that can create and extract compressed archive files, such as .tar, .gz, .bz2, etc. To use the tar command, you need to open a terminal window and navigate to the folder where you have saved the file. You can do this by using the cd command, for example:


cd Downloads


Then, you need to run the tar command with the appropriate options and arguments. The options and arguments depend on the type and format of the file you want to decompress. For the Ubuntu 1204 highly compressed file, you need to use the following command:


tar -xvzf ubuntu-12.04-desktop-i386.tar.gz


This command will extract the contents of the file into a folder named ubuntu-12.04-desktop-i386. The options and arguments used in this command are:


  • -x: extract files from an archive



  • -v: verbose mode, show the progress and details of the extraction



  • -z: filter the archive through gzip, which is the compression algorithm used for .gz files



  • -f: use archive file or device as input, followed by the name of the file



You can also use other options and arguments to modify the behavior of the tar command, such as -C to specify a different output directory, -k to keep old files, -t to list the contents of an archive without extracting it, etc. You can check the manual page of tar for more information by typing:


man tar


How to create a bootable USB stick or DVD




The second step is to create a bootable USB stick or DVD from the extracted folder. A bootable USB stick or DVD is a removable media that contains an operating system that can be loaded and run without installing it on your hard disk. This way, you can test Ubuntu 1204 before installing it or use it as a portable operating system.


To create a bootable USB stick or DVD, you need a tool that can write the image of Ubuntu 1204 to your USB stick or DVD. There are many tools that can do this, such as UNetbootin, Rufus, Etcher, etc. You can download these tools from their official websites or other sources. You also need a USB stick with at least 2 GB of space or a blank DVD.


The process of creating a bootable USB stick or DVD may vary depending on the tool you use, but generally it involves these steps:


  • Insert your USB stick or DVD into your device and launch the tool.



  • Select your USB stick or DVD as the target device and browse for the image file of Ubuntu 1204. The image file is usually named ubuntu-12.04-desktop-i386.iso and is located inside the extracted folder.



  • Click on start or write or burn or any other option that initiates the process of writing the image to your device.



  • Wait for the process to complete and eject your device safely.



You can also check the integrity and authenticity of your bootable USB stick or DVD by verifying its checksum or hash value with the one provided by the source.


How to boot from the USB or DVD and start the installation process




The third step is to boot from the USB or DVD and start the installation process of Ubuntu 1204 on your PC or laptop. To do this, you need to follow these steps:


  • Insert your bootable USB stick or DVD into your device and restart it.



  • Press F12 or Esc or Del or any other key that opens the boot menu of your device. You may need to check your device's manual or website for more information.



  • Select your USB stick or DVD as the boot option and press Enter.



  • Wait for Ubuntu 1204 to load and display a welcome screen with two options: Try Ubuntu and Install Ubuntu.



  • Select Try Ubuntu if you want to test Ubuntu 1204 without installing it on your hard disk. You can access all its features and applications, as well as connect to the internet and other devices. However, any changes you make will not be saved when you shut down or restart your device.



  • Select Install Ubuntu if you want to install Ubuntu 1204 on your hard disk alongside or instead of your existing operating system. You will be guided through a series of steps that will ask you to choose your language, keyboard layout, time zone, partition scheme, user name, password, etc. You can also choose to encrypt your installation or use advanced options for more control.



Once you have completed the installation process, you will be asked to restart your device and remove your USB stick or DVD. Then, you will be able to boot into Ubuntu 1204 and enjoy its features and benefits.


How to optimize and customize Ubuntu 1204 for your needs




Now that you have installed Ubuntu 1204 on your PC or laptop, you may want to optimize and customize it for your needs. There are many ways to do this, but here are some of the most common and useful ones:


How to update and upgrade Ubuntu 1204




One of the first things you should do after installing Ubuntu 1204 is to update and upgrade it. This will ensure that you have the latest security patches, bug fixes, and feature enhancements for your operating system and applications. To do this, you need to follow these steps:


  • Open the Dash by clicking on the Ubuntu logo at the top left corner of the screen or pressing the Super key on your keyboard.



  • Type Update Manager and click on the icon that appears.



  • Click on Check to see if there are any available updates for your system.



  • If there are any updates, click on Install Updates to download and install them. You may need to enter your password or confirm some actions during the process.



  • If there are any upgrades, such as a new version of Ubuntu or a new kernel, you will be notified and asked if you want to upgrade. You can choose to upgrade now or later, depending on your preference.



  • Once the update or upgrade is complete, you may need to restart your device for the changes to take effect.



You can also update and upgrade your system using the terminal by typing the following commands:


sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade sudo apt-get dist-upgrade


How to install and use essential applications and tools




Another thing you should do after installing Ubuntu 1204 is to install and use essential applications and tools for your work or entertainment. Ubuntu 1204 comes with a comprehensive set of applications for various purposes, such as LibreOffice, Firefox, Thunderbird, Rhythmbox, Shotwell, GIMP, etc. However, you may want to install some additional apps or tools that are not included by default or that suit your preferences better.


To install applications and tools on Ubuntu 1204, you have several options:


  • You can use the Software Center, which is a graphical interface that allows you to browse, search, install, remove, and rate apps from various sources. You can access it by clicking on its icon in the launcher or typing Software Center in the Dash.



  • You can use the Synaptic Package Manager, which is a more advanced tool that gives you more control and information about the packages available for your system. You can access it by typing Synaptic in the Dash or by typing sudo synaptic in the terminal.



You can use the terminal, which is a command-line interface that allows you to perform various tasks using text commands. You can access it by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard or typing Terminal in the Dash. To install a package using the terminal, you need to use the apt-get command followed by the name of the package, for example:


sudo apt-get install vlc


This will install VLC media player on your system. To remove a package using the terminal, you need to use the apt-get command followed by remove and the name of the package, for example:


sudo apt-get remove vlc


  • This will remove VLC media player from your system.



To use applications and tools on Ubuntu 1204, you have several options:


  • You can launch them from the launcher by clicking on their icons or searching for them in the Dash.



  • You can launch them from the menu by clicking on their names under different categories.



You can launch them from the terminal by typing their names or paths, for example:


vlc


  • This will launch VLC media player from the terminal.



How to tweak and personalize Ubuntu 1204 settings and appearance




The final thing you should do after installing Ubuntu 1204 is to tweak and personalize its settings and appearance according to your liking. Ubuntu 1204 offers many options and features that allow you to customize various aspects of your system, such as your desktop environment, theme, wallpaper, icons, fonts, colors, sounds, notifications, keyboard shortcuts, mouse settings, power settings, privacy settings, etc.


To tweak and personalize Ubuntu 1204 settings and appearance, you have several options:


  • You can use the System Settings, which is a graphical interface that allows you to access and modify various settings and preferences for your system. You can access it by clicking on its icon in the launcher or typing System Settings in the Dash.



  • You can use the CompizConfig Settings Manager, which is a more advanced tool that allows you to configure and customize the effects and behavior of your desktop environment. You can access it by typing CompizConfig in the Dash or by typing ccsm in the terminal. However, you should be careful when using this tool as it may cause some instability or compatibility issues with your system.



You can use the terminal, which is a command-line interface that allows you to perform various tasks using text commands. You can access it by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard or typing Terminal in the Dash. To tweak and personalize your system using the terminal, you need to use different commands and tools depending on what you want to change. For example, to change your wallpaper using the terminal, you need to use the gsettings command followed by the path and name of the image file, for example:


gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri file:///home/user/Pictures/wallpaper.jpg


  • This will set your wallpaper to the image named wallpaper.jpg located in your Pictures folder.



You can also use other tools and methods to tweak and personalize your system, such as installing themes, extensions, widgets, etc. from various sources. However, you should always check the compatibility and quality of these tools and methods before using them on your system.


Conclusion and FAQs




In conclusion, Ubuntu 1204 is a free and open-source operating system that offers many features and benefits for personal and enterprise computing. It is easy to download, install, use, and customize for your needs. In this article, we have shown you how to download a highly compressed file of Ubuntu 1204, how to decompress and install it on your PC or laptop, and how to optimize and customize it for your needs. We hope you have found this article helpful and informative.


Here are some FAQs that may answer some of your questions or doubts about Ubuntu 1204:


Q: Is Ubuntu 1204 still supported?




A: Ubuntu 1204 is a long-term support (LTS) version that receives five years of security and maintenance updates until April 2017. After that date, it will no longer receive any updates or support from Canonical or the community. Therefore, it is recommended to upgrade to a newer version of Ubuntu or switch to another operating system.


Q: How can I upgrade from Ubuntu 1204 to a newer version?




A: You can upgrade from Ubuntu 1204 to a newer version by using the Update Manager or the terminal. The Update Manager will notify you when a new version is available and guide you through the upgrade process. The terminal will allow you to upgrade manually by using the do-release-upgrade command. However, before upgrading, you should backup your data and settings, as well as check the compatibility of your hardware and software with the new version.


Q: How can I dual-boot Ubuntu 1204 with another operating system?




A: You can dual-boot Ubuntu 1204 with another operating system by creating a separate partition for each operating system on your hard disk. Then, you can install Ubuntu 1204 on one partition and another operating system on another partition. During the installation process of Ubuntu 1204, you will be asked if you want to install it alongside or instead of your existing operating system. You should choose alongside and select the partition where you want to install it. After that, you will be able to choose which operating system to boot into every time you start your device.


Q: How can I uninstall U


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